Welcome to The Breeder’s Spot!
We are a community of breeders and vets that have come together to help other breeders! We are, in no way, promoting people to become breeders but we are, instead, here to help breeders to breed in an ethical and responsible manner. We hope that our blogs and advice help breeders to do things the correct way, save time on some research and save money by referring you to the best products that we have found for varies situations and needs. Our ultimate goal is to help you understand what ethical and responsible breeders do and what they use.
Dog Breeding the Ethical Way
Dog breeding is not just a regular kind of business. If you’re a sensible person, you will understand that dog breeding also requires you to conduct your activities the ethical way. Ethics is always in question when it comes to breeding dogs and so you need to double your effort to ensure success.
If you’re only after the money, you will not get anywhere in the dog breeding business. You need to balance profit and morale to ensure business success. There are ethical guidelines that you need to follow.
There are certain factors that you need to consider. Developing your skills in communication is vital if you want to convince buyers to patronize your business. If this is your first time to be involved in the dog breeding business, you should try to learn as many information as you can. You must educate yourself on the breed history of the dogs you plan to breed. This includes health and temperament issues, BREED STANDARDS, and the challenges of the breed. In other words-know the good, the bad, and the ugly of the dog breed you have chosen. You can read books about dog breeding or you can conduct a research online. There are also eBooks on dog breeding. You must be able to create a friendly, safe and healthy environment for your dog(s). You must provide them with excellent care and a very stable and enriching environment.
Find a licensed vet in your area. You will need a professional caregiver if you want to make sure that your dog is healthy. You can’t expect to make big money instantly. You need to be patient and ready to spend money-lots of it-if you do it responsibly! Being in the dog breeding business and doing it ethically will not give you a lot of money, especially initially!
If you hardly know anything about dog breeding, you should start researching. It’s not a good idea to be in a business that you can’t handle effectively. By being equipped with the right knowledge and tools, you will have a higher chance of success. Learn about the different breeding procedures. You can also consult an expert dog breeder who can serve as your mentor. You can’t learn everything from a book, actual experience is vital.
Buying your first breeding stock is very important. Expert vets can help you in taking care of your dogs. You need to learn about the dog’s proper nutrition, grooming, and nursing. Regular checkups are also needed so that problems can be identified as early as possible. You should also start purchasing the various dog supplies and equipment you will need. You will need to decide if all your dogs will be inside dogs or if they will be outside dogs. If they are going to outside dogs, you will need to make sure you have a fenced in yard and you will need to purchase outdoor kennels and dog houses. Your dog will need containment to keep them safe and a dog house to keep them out of the elements. This is the bare minimum they need to live outside, If you can, build a kennel before you have your first litter that is temperature controlled with access to go in and out at their leisure. Make sure the kennel is plenty big enough for your dog(s) to run around and play when you are not able to play with them. Kennels that contain them are far better than chaining them! Giving them too much freedom will make them overly playful and friendly.
Dog Breeding – The Importance of Medical Checks/Health testing
When breeding dogs, you need to have a stud and a bitch. Without them, you can’t produce puppies. Since the two dogs will serve as your tool to have puppies, you need to have them regularly checked. Medical checks are extremely important to ensure the health and overall condition of your dogs. If you want to become a full time breeder or you simply want to produce additional dogs for your family, you should know a great deal about dog breeding. If this is your first time, then you still have a lot to learn.
Once you have your mating pair, or have decided on a healthy stud for your female, you must do health testing. If you do not own the stud, make sure to pick a stud that has a clean bill of health and has been health tested. Ask the stud owner to provide copies of this testing. For your male or the stud male being used, be sure to have the semen checked, by a vet, to ensure he is potent and free of infection. If one or both parents have sterility problems, the likelihood of getting your dog pregnant is slim.
Who says heart conditions are only for humans? Well, dogs can also suffer heart conditions. A very common example of a heart condition is the SAS or Sub aortic Stenosis. Other problems are caused by malformations of the valves or the heart itself. This is a very important reason to have your dog’s heart tested. If there are any problems with the heart, even minor, you should not breed them. There are many reasons that you should not breed a particular dog! Health issues, skin problems or allergies, joint problems, temperament issues, structural inequities (according to breed standard)-to name a few. When it comes to structural issues, minor problems can be ok to breed with IF you are breeding that dog to a dog that is exceptional in the areas where the other lacks. An example of this is as follows:
You have a female that has short ears, when they should be long. You want to breed her to a male that has ‘breed standard’ ear length. Or your male has a head that is under the standard size, you want to breed him to a female who has the standard head or larger. As an ethical and responsible breeder, your goal should be to improve on the parents flaws in your puppies. Your goal should be to create puppies that meet the breed standard, as much as possible as there is no ‘perfect’ dog.
Medical checks and dog breeding go hand in hand. You can’t possibly produce healthy puppies if you don’t have good male and female dogs. Find a local vet who can help you with the regular checkups of your precious pets. Now that you know the importance of regular checkups, make sure that you include it in your list of priorities.
Dog Breeding – A Challenging Venture
Perhaps the most popular pet in the world is the dog. Regarded as man’s best friend, almost all households like to have it as a pet. You might also have a dog at home… they are great companions right? Because of the high demands for dogs, dog breeders are now in serious business. Dog breeding should be given much attention because it is a very challenging venture.
At present, there are already strict regulations that pet owners should follow if they don’t want to be penalized. Adoption of dogs and other pets is a bit difficult because you need to fill out a long form. By simply answering the questionnaire, your background is already checked. If you want to become one of the best dog breeders in your area, you should strictly follow all the pet regulations. This is one way to keep your business in perfect shape.
If you love a challenge, start dog breeding. Be ready for blood, sweat and tears! Whatever your reasons are, you may be able to succeed if you know exactly what to do. Are you aware that many dogs have suffered from their breeders? This is true and it is still happening nowadays. You should be different from those cruel dog breeders because you can also make money in dog breeding by being a patient and good breeder.
Do you know the laws which govern dog breeding? If you don’t know yet, try to find out about it; by knowing the laws, you can’t go wrong. You can also breed dogs without being actually in the business; you see, some individuals breed dogs to add more pets at home or they can give it as gifts to special individuals. Some do it as a hobby while other have a registered business.
Talk to a pro breeder so that you will find out about the various dog cycles. Breeding requires perfect timing. You must be able to time the breeding for success. You must have adequate knowledge about dog breeding. As a dog owner, you already know how to take care of dogs properly. You should get them a kennel but you should also provide ample time for them to get exercise. Feeding at the right time is also important as well as grooming. You will also do these things once you decide to breed dogs. But there are additional responsibilities that come along with it.
You need to get a vet because the dogs need regular checkups especially the female. Have the dogs checked to determine if they are in perfect condition. If you plan on natural breeding, you should also know when it’s finally time to get keep them together in a safe area.
Dog Breeding and Newbies
There is always a first time in everything. The successful breeders that people know today also once were a beginner like you. Don’t be discouraged by the challenges that you’re going to face because if you’re determined to become a breeder and you have the passion for it, you too can become a successful dog breeder. And who knows, you might become extremely popular in the dog breeding business?
You must admit it… dog breeding is really tough especially for newbies like you. You will need to invest money, time, and effort. Don’t plunge into something that you hardly know anything about. The key here is research, research, and research. As you can see, you need to do a lot of research about dog breeding. With knowledge comes power but the actual situation is different. Once you’re equipped with the right knowledge in dog breeding, you should consult an expert breeder. Visit his place and see how things are doing. By doing so, you can feel the actual dog breeding experience.
Why don’t you get a female dog to start out? It should be two years old because this is the perfect time for breeding since the female is already capable to care for puppies. You need to get a good female. Make sure that the female is registered and among the best in her breed. She should not possess any genetic faults or health issues. If she does not have health testing, you need to do it before you even consider breeding her.
After finding your female dog, you need to find a stud. Some studs are for sale while others can be accessed by paying a stud fee. Reputable and popular dog breeds are expensive but if you want to produce the best puppies, you should opt for the proven (of course health tested) studs. Even if your friend has a stud, forget about it. Get only the best. You can check out the kennel club in your area. Look for the certification of the dog and after clear arrangements, you can now bring your female to the stud for mating. This arrangement is much better so that the owner of the stud can assists the mating process. First time females can be very tricky so you need expert help.
If you’re going to do it for personal reasons (i.e. to have more puppies at home or you want to give it to relatives), it’s a fine hobby. For those who want to engage in business, you need to secure a permit. In some states, the law requires dog breeders to get kennel permits although in some states, they don’t. For legal protection, it would be best to have a permit. You see, you can’t exactly tell if you’re going to encounter problems or not. If your neighbor complains about the barking of dogs at night, you will be protected if you have a permit but if you don’t, you’re in trouble.
So you see, being a newbie is not as extremely difficult as it seems. Well, it may be hard at first but once you start breeding, it’s a rewarding experience. Nothing beats seeing the happy faces of the new owners of the puppies when they leave your place. Again, learn as much as you can about dog breeding.
With the knowledge you’ve learned and the help of expert breeders and your vet, some can be a successful breeder.
Dog Breeding Considerations
Good temperament is very important when it comes to dog breeding. According to expert breeders, it’s not a good idea to breed dogs with temperament problems because it causes the degeneration of the general temperament of a particular dog breed. This should be an important consideration when you’re dealing with strong and dominant breeds like the Rottweiler, Doberman Pinschers, and many other dog breeds.
Try to observe your dog closely. If your dog is a fear-biter, overly excitable, aggressive to humans, and untrustworthy especially in the presence of people, forget about breeding your dog. Submissive and shy dogs are also not good to breed. Go for dogs that are confident, happy, and obedient. When you decide to breed a dog, you should always meet the temperament requirements for every dog breed.
How can you determine the temperament of your dog? Each breed of dog often has a particular temperament test. For instance, if you have a Doberman, you should subject it to the Doberman WAC test. There is also a temperament test open to all dog breeds like the Canine Good Citizen test by AKC. Dog clubs offer such tests as well. Now, some dog breeds are issued ‘obedience titles’. Even if you’re dog has this title, it is not a guarantee that your dog has good temperament.
Aside from temperament, you should also consider compatibility. In order breed a compatible stud and bitch, you should look into each of the dog’s pedigree. By carefully selecting the strengths, weaknesses can be offset. If you have a female dog, try to find a suitable stud for her. If you have a stud, you should also do the same. This particular stage already requires careful and adequate research. If you can’t do it alone, it would be best to consult an expert or a knowledgeable individual.
Even if two dogs look great together, it does not necessarily mean that they are compatible. You must look into the history of the dogs. Do they possess the same qualities? Do they possess disqualifying faults? There are still other questions that you need to answer before you can start breeding dogs.
If your dog has few faults, you can still correct it by finding a good partner. However, the situation is different if you have a mediocre dog. Always look into the breed standard for each dog. Ask a more experienced breeder so that your dog can be evaluated properly.
If you think that dog breeding is just about checking the temperament and compatibility of the dogs, you’re wrong because there are still other important considerations.
When breeding dogs, you should have a facility that is safe and secured. If you plan to breed dogs at home, you should designate a certain room for the dogs. The cleanliness should be maintained at all times. By combining these things together with a good veterinarian, you may have beautiful pups in no time. Always keep in mind that it is important to check the temperament and compatibility of dogs.
Dog Breeding – Genetics
Suppose breed x and breed y were mated. Both dogs are purebred and were able to meet with their specific health standards. Do you think that the breeding will result to healthier pups as compared to breeding them with the same breed? In dog breeding, this question is often asked and it needs immediate answers.
When you breed two top-shape and healthy dogs, it will always result to healthy and cute puppies. It doesn’t really matter if they come from different breeds (i.e. breed x and breed y). However, you’re not considering the recessives. What if both the dog breeds possess and is a carrier of recessive health problems? There is a high chance that the pups will also inherit the recessive problems. If the dog breeds don’t have any recessive health-related problem, then the pups won’t be suffering from any problem. The 1st generation ‘hybrid vigor’ explains the situation mentioned earlier.
Keep in mind that when one of the dogs is a carrier of a defective gene, the defect gene is not removed and it will stay with the pups. The next generation pups are likely to exhibit the problem. If both dog breeds are carriers of the defect, then their offspring will obviously demonstrate such defect.
In the case of purebred dogs, diseases are quite common as compared to mixed breeds. As a responsible and experienced breeder, you should always take into consideration the genetic makeup of your dog, whether male or female. Mixed breeds do possess harmful genes just like the purebred ones but it’s up to the breeder to do something about it.
Mixed breeds are often not tested and so when they are suffering from any health problem when they age, owners tend to blame it on old age. Most owners of mixed breeds no longer find it necessary to test the dogs to identify hereditary problems.
So what you mate breed x with breed y, variations are already expected to surface. For instance, when you mate toy poodles with cocker spaniels, the pups vary a bit. Some pups look more as poodles and the rest cocker-like. However, all the pups are shaggy, buff-colored, and small-sized dogs. When two cockapoos are mated, the resulting pups have wider variations. Some look like cocker while others like poodles. Hidden genes can surface on the 2nd generation.
Perhaps you’re already familiar with out-crossing. Two unrelated dogs are mated. The puppies produced are not uniform in terms of markings, color, coats, sizes, and in other distinct characteristics. The pups are considered heterozygous and so in the future, they might produce extremely different pups. This procedure is often used when breeders want to introduce something to a certain line of dogs such as better colors, front, head, etc.
You must be aware that even if dogs appear to be healthy, they might have genetic problems. Test mating is necessary to identify which dogs are affected. Tests are always required before mating to make sure that the produced pups are the best in order to be saleable.
Genetics can make it more complicated for dog breeders to mate different lines of dogs. It’s up to them whether they will conduct in-line breeding, out-crossing, etc. What matters is that only the best pups are produced. Be extra careful when mating dogs of different breeds and check out the genetic makeup of the dog’s ancestors or just do not do it! This would be the best way to ethically breed! There are tons of different breeds out there that have been around for hundreds of years, is is really necessary to create another?
Dog Breeding Essentials
These days, good puppies are quite expensive. This may be the reason why individuals are getting into dog breeding. Should you become a dog breeder yourself? That is a great question-SHOULD you do it?
Breeding dogs will not exactly make you a millionaire. People have various reasons for breeding dogs. Some of the reasons are good but there are also those who have bad intentions. Crowded shelters for dogs are typical and so you need to continue reading if you want to make an informed decision.
For dog breeding, you need to have at least a 5-generation pedigree. Dogs like this are champions when it comes to fieldwork, obedience, and conformation. You can’t possibly do in-breeding and so you need to choose a suitable stud in your area or in other places.
You need to ensure that your dog is in exceptional condition. Every dog breed has a particular standard to follow and your dog should be able to comply with the standards. Check out your breed’s standard first before you breed any dog.
Dog breeding requires a lot of time, passion, and patience for dogs. It also involves a lot of expenses which you need to pay. Looking for a possible dog mate for your particular dog breed takes some time and if you want to get only the best, you must be willing to invest your valuable time. You must have passion for what you’re doing and most specifically, you should be patient.
To some dog owners, it will be a lot better to put up a poodle salon or a dog kennel rather than breed dogs. But if you’re really convinced that you can earn a lot of money by breeding dogs, go on and try it out.
How much does dog breeding cost?
Purchasing a female dog is the very first cost that you incur. Pick the right breed and make sure that it’s popular. However, those that have female dogs will have other concerns to attend to. For purchasing a female dog, it can already cost you around thousands. In order to breed effectively, the female dog needs to undergo a series of tests like hip x-rays, thyroid tests, heart and eye tests. By doing so, the vet can identify if your female dog has dysplasia, cataracts, or other diseases.
These different tests can reach as high as several hundreds. Responsible owners will see to it that the tests are completed to ensure the health of the puppies. However, some female dog owners still opt not to have their dogs checked because they claim that they can’t afford to pay for such expenses.
Female dogs should be at the right age (18 months and older) before you can subject them to breeding. During the early years, you will spend about $1,000 for the vitamins, toys, and food of your pet. Minimum stud fees range from $400 to a few thousand. Routines exams are required once the dog is pregnant. That will cost you another more. The you have the cost of ultra sounds to confirm pregnancy and possible C-section if the female runs into issues during delivery or if you have a breed that requires C-sections.
Can you still consider dog breeding as an affordable venture? Try to think about it. If money is not a problem, you can proceed. Special equipment will also be needed like hemostats, towels, tweezers, baby scales, suction bulbs, whelping box, bottles, blankets, formula, and many others. Decide now and see how things work for you.
Tips When Dog Breeding
Not everyone has the interest to breed dogs. To some, it may be a calling of some sort. For others, it serves as a past time and to increase their pets at home. Your goal here is to improve a certain breed of dog and if you have a different reason, you should think twice about it.
True enough, there are lots of books and dog breeding sites out there that claim they can help you in breeding dogs. Well, here’s the sad part- it’s quite different when you’re doing the actual stuff.
If you own a pet, you probably won’t know if your dog has a genetic problem unless an expert tells you so. You don’t have any idea about dams getting lost, struggling bitches, or breech births. The only things you know are how to groom your pet, give them exercise, and feeding them. Being a breeder is much more complicated because you need to attend to a lot of things.
If you want to become a successful dog breeder, here are helpful tips for you:
- Find a reputable vet in your area. Have your female dog examined to ensure that she is in perfect condition and in the peak of health. You should also request the vet to assist you in getting a certification that your dog is free from inherited diseases or genetic problems.
- Since you own the female dog, you need to prepare your place to house puppies in the near future. You can designate a room in your house for the whelping or you can build another room near the garage; that is, if you still have extra space on your yard.
- Get a certificate from the kennel club.
- Find a reputable stud owner. If you can’t find one locally, you might want to look somewhere else. You should also check for the past performance of the stud. You can also try the new studs as they command lower fees but you may be at risk. It’s a good idea to stick with the reputable and experienced stud owners because they can assist during the whelping stage and in caring for your pups.
- Don’t forget to check for the certificate of the stud. The dog should also be free from any genetic faults and conditions like brucellosis, eye problems, etc. Even dogs have sexually transmitted diseases so always be on guard.
- Exercise your female dog but be careful because at this stage, the dog is very sensitive.
- Mating should be done at the place of the stud and not yours. Prepare your female to go to the place of the stud.
- For best results, mating should be initiated on the 9-13th day when the female is in heat.
- The female is often uncomfortable during mating but you need to ensure that the ‘tie’ lasts for about 10 minutes for best results.
- Pregnancy can be confirmed as early as 3 weeks after the mating. Check with your vet.
If your dog is pregnant, you now have to prepare for whelping and for caring of the pups. You will also do a lot of paperwork for the registration and selling of the pups. Good luck.
A Very Brief Overview of Whelping a Litter
Dog breeding requires you to pay attention on the proper caring for pups. Before your puppy is 3-days old, you will need to decide whether you will dock their tails or remove dewclaws. This should be done at exactly 3 days after birth so that it will heal quickly and nicely.
If you’re dealing with purebred pups, you should record the birth date of the pups. Try to keep a record book so that you will have a list of all the puppies and their weights. Pups should be weighed daily during their first two weeks as you will need to make sure they are gaining weight and progressing as they should. If they are not, you will need to supplement them with bottle feeding.
For the first 2 weeks, pups are usually kept clean by the mother dog. But still, you need to ensure the cleanliness of the whelping box. The bedding should be maintained clean at all times and so you need to remove the dirty and messy bedding’s at least twice daily. On the third week of the puppies, they will already eliminate and so your task will double.
After a month, the pups are already more active and so the space of the box is insufficient. Get a larger pen for them to play in so that you can still ensure their safety. Keeping the pups contained is vital because in just a matter of hours, pups can devastate a garage or a room.
Weaning food is usually introduced between 3 and 5 weeks, on average and depending on the breed and the momma’s willingness to still feed her pups. Since the puppy food is a bit dry and the puppies teeth are still coming in, you need to mash it up a bit. Put a little warm water and leave it for 2 hours; then feed it to the pups. This is often called ‘mush’ by breeders. As the puppies get older, the food can be slowly switched to hard kibble.
The pups should be registered and so you need to prepare the registration forms. Buyers of the pups will surely look for the registration once they purchase them. The registration form should be submitted as early as possible because the registries can be slow.
In their sixth week, you need to take the puppies to the vet for their vaccinations and de-worm (many breeders administer the puppies first shots and have started the worming process at 2 weeks of age and every week after). The vet will check for hernias, heart murmurs, and testicles of the males, eye problems, and deafness. It is very important that pups are checked for any defects or problems because in a couple or so, you will be giving them to the new owners. The earliest the pups should go to their new homes is 8 weeks of age.
Temperament tests are now available and you can subject them to such test. Temperament tests are done to test the puppies drive so they can be placed in the right homes. A family with small children or a non-active lifestyle will do better with a puppy that does not have a high drive.
When the pups reach their seventh week, you can now call the individuals with deposits. Get all the necessary paperwork done and sort them out. Contracts like that for the neuter/spays should be prepared as well as the pups’ pictures.
As you may have noticed, the seven weeks seems to come very quickly and hopefully, smoothly. Well, that is, if you don’t encounter any problems. For instance, if one of the puppies has a hernia or heart murmur; or if a puppy is deaf… what will you do? What if your puppies have temperament problems? What if the mother dog dies or gets mastitis and other infections? What if the puppies are suffering from fading-puppy or swimmer-puppy syndrome? You should always prepare yourself for the worst.
Caring for pups, when you’re into dog breeding, is also like taking care of a child or baby. The pups require much attention and you need to help the mother dog in taking care of them. If you’re prepared, there is no situation that you can’t handle, no matter how difficult it is.